|The final Field Study|
So Field Study has taken up most of my personal knitting time in recent weeks, and on Sunday I was able to have a steeking adventure. I haven't steeked many projects, but I actually enjoy the process. If you consider how knitting works, it doesn't have to be scary either.
Taking away the fear of cutting your knitting
One of the reasons knitters are wary of cutting knitting. is because of dropped stitches laddering down. The important thing to remember is that you aren't cutting the knitted fabric along the rows or rounds of knitting, so laddering isn't an issue. The cut is made between the columns of stitches.
The second thing is that colourwork is best knitted in yarns with a bit of what I term bite. Shetland yarn traditionally used for Fair Isle patterns is a good example, as well as the Rowan Felted Tweed used for this project. The strands of yarns have a tendency to cling together, even dropped stitches don't ladder easily. They are easier to knit with when stranding the unused yarn at the back of the work, and are less likely to slip and slide pulling the work in. This clinginess also helps when cutting your work, making the cut edge more stable. My first ever steek was in a rather smooth, machine washable sock yarn: I succeeded and learnt a lot from that experience.
Finally, any cut edge will become slightly frayed. However, there is a limit to how far the yarn will unravel from the cut edge of the steek. This isn't just because you reinforce the steek, and reinforcing isn't seen as necessary in some traditional knitting either. The yarn has to work hard to unravel beyond a certain when knitting is cut between stitch columns, especially when the yarn has some bite. One good reason for reinforcement is that it stabilises the edge of the knitting so it is less likely to pull out of shape.
|The uncut steek|
|Setting the stitches|
The first task is to set the stitches. Ann recommends using a steam iron at the lowest steam setting. I was taught by my school needlework teacher to use a dry iron and damp muslin cloth for pressing woollen fabrics. It is something I have continued using for knitwear for both setting stitches and occasionally blocking, though I now use a steam iron. My steam iron is rather unpredictable in the amount of steam it produces at the lower steam setting. The damp muslin provides both a protective layer from the heat preventing any risk of scorching and increases the amount of steam. It requires only a light touch from the iron to generate plenty of steam too, and there is no worry about having to keep pressing buttons to generate extra steam. I just keep a bowl of cold water handy to re-wet the muslin between sections.
|Cutting the steek|
Having set the stitches, use sharp scissors to cut down the centre of the steek.
|The cut steek|
|The reinforced steek|
I chose to machine sew my steek, using a short machine stitch. Actually, I find this more daunting than the cutting as it is important to set the stitch length close enough so it will stitch through as many strands of yarn as possible, but not so short that the thread knots up at the back. A practice piece is invaluable for testing you have this right.
This morning, after finishing the neckline with a picot edge, I steam blocked the entire garment, again using a muslin cloth between the knitting and iron. This extra steam made it easy to prevent curling and make the picot edges lie flat with very little pressure. It needs to air a while longer before I can wear it, but that won't take long. I still want to purchase some ribbon to cover the steeked edge. It isn't essential, but it can give a lovely finished appearance, as here in my Hedgerow also from Stranded Knits.
|The finished neckline|
|Ribbon covered steek on Hedgerow|